Compare all the major car hire brands including Avis, Hertz, Europcar, Sixt and Alamo and find the best prices for car hire in Lithuania. Car rental in Lithuania includes Theft Waiver (TW), Third Party Liability Insurance and Collision Damage Waiver (CDW) as well as unlimited mileage when you hire with us.
|Car hire Lithuania
Lithuania, the largest of the three Baltic states, is located in Northern Europe. Along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, it borders Poland to the south, Belarus to the south and east, and Latvia to the north. The total area is 25,174 sq mi (65,200 sq km).
First formed in the 1230s, Lithuania was annexed by the Russian Empire in the eighteenth century. Though made a sovereign state in the aftermath of World War I, it was later occupied by the Soviet Union and by Nazi Germany, becoming part of the Soviet Union. Lithuania regained its independence in 1990. Lithuania's most famous foods include potato pancakes and cold beet soup.
Population and language
The population of Lithuania is approximately 3 million. The Lithuanians are a Baltic people, and remain relatively homogenous. Ethnic Lithuanians make up more than 83% of the population, followed by Poles (mainly in southeast Lithuania), Russians (concentrated in Vilnius, Klaipeda, and Visaginas), and Belarusians.
The official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two surviving Baltic languages, together with Latvian. About 84% of the population speak Lithuanian as their native language. Russian, Polish, and English are also spoken here.
More than 75% of Lithuanians belong to the Roman Catholic Church. Other religions represented here include Protestant and Russian Orthodox faiths. Historically, Lithuania was home to a significant Jewish community, although more than 160,000 Lithuanian Jews were killed during the Holocaust. Today, fewer than 4,000 Jewish people live in Lithuania.
Major cities and tourist destinations
The capital and largest city in Lithuania is Vilnius, with an estimated population of 550,000. Vilnius, on the banks of the rivers Vilnia and Neris, serves as the cultural, educational, political ,and financial center of the country. It features picturesque architecture, particularly in Old Town. Vilnius University, founded in 1579, is a renaissance-style complex popular among tourists.
Within Lithuania, there has been a steady movement of people to the cities since the 1990s. Other large cities include Kaunas (with 380,000 residents) and Klaipeda (194,000). Klaipeda is renowned for its summer festivals. The eastern part of the country, known as Aukstaitija, is famous for its forests, hills, and lakes. Trakai, just 28 kilometers away from Vilnius, is famous for its castle. Palanga, a popular summer destination, has several noteworthy museums. Kernave, a former capital on the bank of the river Neris, is now a well-preserved archaeological site.
Lithuania has a mild climate, with average coastal temperatures ranging from −2.5 °C in the winter to 16 °C (61 °F) in the summer. Inland areas tend to be a bit cooler, with temperatures as low as -20 °C (−4 °F) nearly every winter. Winters tend to be very wet, with either snow or rain depending on location. Severe storms are common in the coastal areas.
The landscape is primarily flat, fertile terrain, with a few rolling hills. There are numerous lakes and rivers within the country.
Lithuania joined the European Union in 2004. Before the recent global financial crisis, Lithuania had one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. Recently, there has been a shift towards a knowledge-based economy, with emphasis on biotechnology. The country's top industries also include production of electric motors, television sets, refrigerators, optical equipment, electronic components, and agricultural machinery. Natural resources include peat and amber. GDP is estimated at $58.2 billion USD, yearly exports at $38 billion USD, and imports at $30.2 billion USD. The currency of Lithuania is the Lita, with the exchange rate at 3.4528 LTL = 1.00 EUR. Lithuania is expected to switch to the Euro in 2014.
Lithuania has a well-developed system of railways, highways, and airports. Vilnius International Airport is the largest airport; others include Kaunas International Airport and Palanga International Airport. The major roads are well kept, while roads in rural areas are somewhat less so. Car hire is a popular option for travelers who wish to explore everything Lithuania has to offer. The only port in the country is the Port of Klaipeda.
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